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Prix Gaïa 2017 – Laurence Marti. History-Research category

Established in Aubonne (Vaud), the independent research sociologist and historian is discreet and meticulous. One of her major works was on the legend Daniel Jeanrichard, which she handled with an original approach combining history and sociology.

Laurence Marti was born in Bévilard in the Bernese Jura. She studied sociology and history at the University of Lausanne and University Lyon 2. After she obtained a PhD in sociology and social sciences, she opened the private research bureau “Laurence Marti recherches sociales” in Aubonne (Vaud). Since 1997, she has offered her scientific know-how to companies, institutions, associations, museums and private individuals to carry out research projects, organize exhibitions, write commemorative books and so on. In 2005, she completed her training with a “certificat de formation continue en direction de project” at the Faculty of Business and Economics (HEC Lausanne) and the University of Geneva.

As a sociologist and historian, Laurence Marti has acquired a rich experience in the analysis of varied sources - she has particularly developed specific skills in the collection and processing of oral memory. Laurence Marti uses several materials to enhance her work – they range from books, booklets, articles, videos, exhibitions, educational tours and so on. She is part of several companies: a member of the Foundation Board of Mémoires d'Ici, co-founder and former president (2001-2008) of the “Centre jurassien d'archives et de recherches économiques”, co-founder of the “Association de la Garderie de Dorigny-Lausanne”, member of the Swiss Sociological Association, member of the “Société suisse d'histoire économique et sociale” and is member of the “Institut jurassien des Sciences, des Lettres et des Arts”.

Selective bibliography, books in relation to watchmaking

  • 2017: MARTI, Laurence, Le renouveau horloger, Contribution à une histoire récente de l'horlogerie suisse (1980-2015), Neuchâtel: Alphil.
  • 2013: MARTI, Laurence, Jean-Pierre Droz: vie et oeuvre de l'horloger de Son Altesse, Porrentruy, Musée de l'Hôtel-Dieu.
  • 2007: MARTI, Laurence, Une région au rythme du temps. Histoire socio-économique du Vallon de Saint-Imier et ses environs (1700-2007), Saint-Imier, Editions of Longines.
  • 2005: MARTI, Laurence, Etrangers dans leur propre pays. L'immigration tessinoise dans le Jura bernois entre 1870 and 1970, Neuchâtel, Alphil.
  • 2005: MARTI, Laurence, MESSANT, François and MODAK, Marianne, Vies de mécaniciens, Lausanne, Antipodes.
  • 2003: MARTI, Laurence, L'invention de l'horloger De l'histoire au mythe de Daniel JeanRichard, Lausanne, Antipodes

Articles related to watchmaking

  • 2016: MARTI, Laurence, “Famille, Générations et développment industriel: les Piguet du Brassus”, Revue vaudoise de généalogie et d'histoire de familles 2014, 27e année, numéro thématique "Famille et industrie horlogère. La question de la parenté pour l'entreprise", p. 127-166.
  • 2016: MARTI, Laurence, "Les frères Rochat, créateurs d'oiseaux chanteurs. Une famille d’horlogers mécaniciens des XVIIIe et XIXe siècles», Review of Vaud of GENEalogy and of history of the families.
  • 2014, 27e année, numéro thématique “Famille et industrie horlogère. La question de la parentépour l’entreprise”, p. 189-226.
  • 2013: MARTI, Laurence, “Entre exclusion et hésitations. Femmes et syndicalisme dans l'horlogerie au 19e siècle”, Cahiers d'histoire du mouvement ouvrier, n. 29, 2013, p. 11-26.
  • 2013: MARTI, Laurence, DONZE, Pierre-Yves, “Paternalism in an Era of Taylorism and Centralism. The Example of Swiss Watchmaker Aubry Frères", in: Hubert Bonin et Paul Thomes (ed. by.), Old Paternalism, New Paternalism, Post-Paternalism (19th- 21st Centuries), Brussels, Peter Lang, p. 275-301.
  • 2011: MARTI, Laurence, “La position ouvrière face àl'interchangeabilité(1870- 1930)”, in: De l'unique àla série: l'interchangeabilité, actes du colloque, 19-20 octobre 2010, LA Chaux-de-Fonds, Musée international d'horlogerie; Institut l'homme et le temps, 2011, p. 302-311.
  • 2008: MARTI, Laurence, “Retour sur une grève dite exemplaire. La grève de Bulova Watch Co., Neuchâtel, 1976”, in: Rosende Magdalena, Benelli Natalie (éds.), Laboratoires du travail, Editions Antipodes, Lausanne, 2008, p. 39-52.
  • 2008: MARTI, Laurence, “Quatre articles: Janine Schwaar, la vie d'une femme ouvrière/Adrienne Tripet, ouvrière horlogère àdomicile/Longines (1988), l'exercice douloureux de la concentration industrielle/Ebauches SA (1981), un sentiment d'impuissance”, in: La Radio Suisse Romande et le Jura 1950-2000, Radio Suisse Romande, with the collaboration of the Office de la culture de la République et Canton du Jura et de Mémoires d'Ici, 2008, p. 36-43.
  • 2003: MARTI, Laurence, “Moutier capitale du tour automatique àpoupée mobile”, IN.KU, Bulletin de l'Association suisse d'histoire de la technique et du patrimoine industriel, no 39, Winterthur.
  • 2001: MARTI, Laurence, “Un exemple d’innovation diffuse: le développement du tour automatique àpoupée mobile dans la région jurassienne (1870-1904)”, Innovations, Sociétésuisse d’histoire économique et sociale, 2001, p. 81-97.
  • 1999: MARTI, Laurence, “Approche socio-anthropologique du développement industriel horloger dans les montagnes neuchâteloises”, Swiss Journal of Sociology, vol. 25, n. 2, 1999, p. 183-215.
  • 1999: MARTI, Laurence, “Nicolas Junker, Fabrique de machines, Moutier (1883- 1905) ou les difficultés d'une fabrique innovante à la fin du XIXe siècle”, Actes de la Sociétéjurassienne d'Emulation, 1999, p. 298-367.
  • 1997: MARTI, Laurence, “Nicolas Junker ou les débuts de la fabrication de tours automatiques àMoutier”, Chronometrophilia, n. 42, summer 1997, p. 74-90.

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